The urinary system in humans consists of a group of important organs that work together in an integrated manner. These organs produce urine and then store it and take it out of the body. The urinary system consists of four main organs: the kidney, the ureter, the bladder and the urethra, , The kidney is working on the sorting of waste and non-necessary materials on the blood and then pass through the ureter to the bladder, which stores the urine to be filled, and then be eliminated through the urethra and expelled to the outside of the body.
What diseases affect urinary system
The diseases of the urinary system are many and multiple and may affect one or all members of the device, and cause severe pain to the patient, of these diseases:
It is a congenital defect in males in the urethra, where the urinary incontinence is non-nature, located in a place that is not in its natural place, and may impair the functioning of the urinary and reproductive system in males, where the urine can flow in different directions and may mix with semen and weaken its production, Treatment of such a condition by plastic surgery of the urethra.
Cystitis is a disease of both sexes, but women are more likely to be infected than men.
Types of cystitis
Cystitis has many types of cystitis.
- Cystic Bladder Infection: It results from sexual contact between the extremities, often caused by bacteria moving from the intestine to the urethra.
- Interstitial cystitis: It is caused by a specific infection.
- Cystitis: Caused by exposure to radiation, especially cancer patients treated with radiation.
- Hemorrhagic Cystitis: Produced as a side-view for some medications.
Symptoms of cystitis
- Lower back pain with a feeling of pressure.
- Frequent urination or urinary pressure.
- Change urine color.
- The smell is strong and foul.
- The possibility of drops of blood during urination.
- Note: All types of cystitis are treated with antibiotics.
The stones are composed of excess salts and minerals in the body, which are collected and crystallized around each other to form small granules. The size of the stones varies, from which the grain of sand can not exceed the size of the golf ball. Small stones can walk with the urine stream and get out of the body easily. 5 mm may lead to blockage in the ureter and settle in the kidney or ureter.
Factors that cause kidney stones
- Calcium supplementation.
- High cholesterol level.
- Increase thyroid activity.
- Do not eat enough water.
- Obesity, the quality of the foods being eaten.
- Kidney stones may be a symptom of gout.
Symptoms of renal peptide disease
- Blood accompanies urination.
- Severe pain extends from the lobe to the genitals.
- Vomiting, and nausea.
- Bouts of pressure result from shrinking the ureter, in an attempt to expel the gallstones.
Treatment of renal pebbles
- Small stones may be eliminated by urination. It takes about a month for the stones to begin to be discovered, but when the size of the stone is relatively large, medications can be taken with enough water.
- Crushing of stones: The stones are broken down by high intensity ultrasonic pulses, where waves are emitted from outside the body and in areas where the stones are concentrated.
- The stones can be removed by surgery, and this solution is used in certain cases, such as having one kidney or suffering from other diseases.
Other diseases may affect the urinary system
- Urinary tract infection affects a member of the urinary system or all organs of the body, often concentrated in the bladder and causing severe pain, especially when urine is restricted.
- Kidney disease, such as chronic kidney inflammation, or a difference in kidney size.
- Congenital defects affecting the device before or after birth.
- The kidneys are calcified, where excess calcium accumulates in the kidney and is a source of discomfort and pain for the person, and can lead to other diseases.
- Urinary incontinence is the involuntary discharge of urine from the body.
- Urethral occlusion.
Prevention of urinary tract diseases
- Drink enough water, about two liters of water a day.
- Do not eat spirits and alcohol.
- Minimize salt and spices in food.
- Avoid drinking coffee in large quantities.
- Stay away from harsh dieting that may damage the kidneys.
- Take drugs only when necessary and consult your doctor.