AIDS or HIV is a viral infection caused by a virus called HIV HIV , Which causes the destruction of the immune system in the body by destroying the main immune cells, which are called white blood cells lymphatic assistance, since the body without these immune cells are vulnerable to any microbial infection without the ability to fight, which may cause death as a result of this infection or Other diseases that the body gets, which means that HIV itself does not cause death directly; but makes the body easy prey to other diseases that afflict it.
AIDS was discovered in 1959. The first case was discovered in America in June 1981, followed by cases worldwide. The origin of this disease is still unknown to doctors and researchers, but the first cases began in Africa, where it was proved that the disease may spread as an infection among monkeys, and can be transmitted to humans by bite or scratching.
Ways of transmission of AIDS
Although a person with AIDS excretes the virus in all body fluids such as blood, saliva, and tears, there are three main ways of transmitting the virus:
- Sexual intercourse: Illicit sexual intercourse is the main cause of transmission of the virus, as it may be transmitted in cases of homosexuality, and by kissing the mouth.
- Exposure to contaminated blood: They include people who use drugs, who use needles and needles in partnership with others, and in cases of organ transplantation.
- Transmission of the virus from the pregnant mother to her fetus: Pregnant women may transmit the virus to fetuses despite the absence of symptoms of AIDS, through the mixing of the mother’s blood with fetal blood by the placenta.
Symptoms of AIDS
- After a period of three to six months, the body is antibodies to HIV that can be detected by a blood analysis. These organisms are accompanied by a slight rise in body temperature, enlarged lymph nodes, tiredness and exhaustion. These symptoms are similar Flu symptoms, and these symptoms quickly disappear like a normal flu, although the body still carries antibodies to the virus, and the person at this stage prepared for the other if the connection between him and another known methods.
- The patient remains without clear symptoms until the symptoms appear new and severe after two to ten years of the injury, namely: a sense of fatigue and fatigue, severe without apparent cause, and loss of appetite and weight significantly, and episodes of diarrhea is not clear cause, and excessive sweating at night with coughing or coughing, In the mouth and gums, frequent sore throat, enlarged liver or spleen or both.
There is no definitive and successful cure for AIDS so far, but there are some drugs that slow the development of stages, and contain many serious side effects such as anemia.